During the first two decades of the third millennium, the mobile phone has evolved from a luxury item to a sine qua non. The number of mobile users is displaying a prodigious growth, quickly approaching the total population of the Earth.
The variety of these devices is also astounding, which becomes a real challenge for software developers creating mobile apps. Aiming to reach out to the maximum quantity of customers, vendors realize that their products should be universal to the greatest possible extent and opt for hybrid mobile app development. The product they eventually obtain bridges the gap between native and web apps.
Native vs Web Apps: A No-Win Choice
At the dawn of the mobile era, all apps were native that is honed for a specific operating system (Android or iOS) utilized in a smartphone. The respective platform that provided auxiliary tools and frameworks conditioned the advantages of such apps: exclusive security, low power consumption, and seamless compatibility with cognate software products. The foolproof publishability and easy purchasing algorithm of native apps enhanced their popularity with customers. This was a natural incentive for vendors to invest in native app development, hoping to get a share of the constantly expanding global revenue pie.
However, the non-existent flexibility of native apps and consequently the necessity to build two separate items to fit each operating system (which doubles the high development price as it is) brought the noontide of native apps to its close. Moreover, restrictions imposed by app stores upon the products displayed on their virtual shapes urged business owners and developers to seek a viable alternative to native apps. The solution to the problem seemed to be found when web apps came into play.
A web app is a kind of a website where the content is condensed with a view to improving its operability. Such apps can be accessed through the browser, which means no installation and no exasperating contact with app stores. In its turn, it conditions their minimal weight, absolute SEO discoverability, low development expenditures, and unique flexibility in being able to function not only on smartphones but, in fact, on all types of gadgets (desktops including).
About five years ago, web app technology made another step on the way to further sophistication, bringing about Progressive Web Apps (PWAs). The latter are upgraded web apps that can function when the internet connection is intermittent or even absent.
With all their evident boons, the spread of web apps didn’t spell the end of native apps since the UX with web apps falls short of users’ expectations. Small images, poor security, low quality, lack of many functions, and failure to integrate with the device’s software (UI controls, push notifications, address book, etc.) are quite frustrating for clients accustomed to the native experience.
What Is a Hybrid App?
Advantages of Hybrid Apps
Being created to address the challenges that both native and web apps fail to address, hybrid apps feature some appealing advantages over them.
- Cross-platform operation. In a world, where universality rules, the ability to build a one-size-fits-all product that will work on both platforms is a beckoning prospect for app developers who start to increasingly opt for this solution.
- A single codebase to build. Since you don’t develop two separate apps, you save efforts having only one codebase to tackle.
- Cutting down on development cost and time. The previous benefit naturally translates into this one. The same number of developers will handle producing a hybrid app vs native app using hybrid app frameworks twice as quick and consequently demand twice as less fee for it.
- Access to the gadget’s functionalities. Since the device’s hardware and internal API is open to hybrid apps thanks to plugins, users get an unlimited admittance to all features their gadget possesses.
- Effortless updating. The very architecture of hybrid apps allows easy launching of patches and updates as well as scaling them to another platform.
- No need for a web browser. Unlike web apps, their hybrid counterparts have an integrated browser which rules out the necessity to provide one.
- Offline operation availability. This is essential for people who use their smartphones in locations with problematic internet coverage.
Disadvantages of Hybrid Apps
Before opting for hybrid mobile app development, you should be aware of the pitfalls this process and its outcome incurs.
- Effort-consuming development and testing. Trying to make the app operate well on both platforms is a job of work but even then users accustomed to their Android or iOS native UX may be dissatisfied. Moreover, the hybrid app may look and even function somewhat differently on each platform, since the development team typically leans on one operating system it is better versed in. As a result, its version powered by another platform suffers. And after the app is completed, you still have to test it on a plethora of devices, which is also a long and laborious process.
- Bug-fixing is going to be harder. Being hybrid means not only blending perks of either app type but their deficiencies as well. Thus, you will have to address issues that are symptomatic both for native and web apps, which doubles your bug detection and correction headache.
- More customization is imminent. In order to make your hybrid app feel like a native one, you have to customize it a lot. But more customization spells a gradual transformation of your hybrid app into native, which results in increased cost. At the end of the day, you may discover that you are building a native app expenditure-wise.
Hybrid App Examples: The Magnificent Seven
On balance, whatever the drawbacks of hybrid apps may be, they are more than offset by their undeniable assets. So it is no wonder that many blue-chip companies launch their hybrid apps, to say nothing of smaller fry having big-time aspirations.
You never knew that Twitter social app is a hybrid one? Well, it is proof that even huge traffic amounts are no problem for a hybrid app to handle.
While its owner (aka Facebook) is still native, Instagram went hybrid, which enables offline support of data and processing a slew of media.
App Store and iBooks
Despite Apple’s lukewarm attitude to web apps (including PWAs), its brainchildren are based on the hybrid approach, with only some elements (for instance, search and bottom navigation) that are native.
The company managed to create an efficient hybrid app, where native and web features function in perfect harmony.
This high-performance cryptocurrency tracker can monitor the progress of the top 100 currencies with an option to buy a piece of present-day obsession source.
Being in fact a search engine leveraged to find online video streams, it allows you to seek the movie you fancy on Netflix, Hulu, and some other streaming channels.
This app is a godsend for business people who want to stay in the know of a plethora of market data (like index vacillations, stock prices, etc.) as well as finance and business news and receive market-change alerts on their smartphone to boot.
Web vs Native vs Hybrid App: Select the Type Wisely
These case studies might sound inspiring, yet choosing an app type for your future project you must adopt a sober and passionless approach. First of all, you should realize your expectations related to the app, like the level of its complexity, the necessity to make use of native functionalities, the kind of UX you would like to offer to the audience, and the need for frequent updates. You should also take stock of the available resources and time you have at your disposal to launch your app. Finally, you should clearly envisage your target audience. Understanding their preferences, the likelihood of addressing app stores in search of your product, and even the way they will access the app is highly instrumental in making the right choice.
The specialists of AnyforSoft recommend thinking hybrid if you can do without advanced graphics but aim to target multiple platforms and want your app to make use of the device's functionalities and operate in an offline mode. And in case you are a startup on short commons that wants to launch their MVP, a hybrid app is just what the doctor ordered.
Yet, whatever app type you will eventually decide to build, you should hire a team of seasoned professionals to do that. Our company can deliver a first-rate product that will furnish comfortable UX to your prospective users and bring a stream of revenues to your coffers.
Hybrid apps combine the features of native and web apps while aspiring to mitigate the shortcomings of both. Realizing the merits and demerits hybrid apps have in comparison to the native and web ones astute entrepreneurs can select the app type that will suit their business goal to a tee.